عنوان مقاله [English]
"Habsiyeh” is a kind of poem written by a poet in prison to represent its sensory, spiritual, epistemology interactions, which are involved with its imagination to show his threatening position in prison by using a special language. The prison “landmark” either draws the poet to the threatened body and mind, or forms the cognation in which the "prison" is a "supernatural". prison discourse is formed in the poem according to his related social affairs and the world. Accordingly, in explanation of the poem of “Habsiyeh”, we face with two types of prison discourse which at first is pre-modern world poet whose poem confirms the governing of the social and political powers, and the second is poet representing of the contemporary “Habsiyeh” whose poem is against the power and in a context of resistance literature. In this article, by using a critical discourse analysis method and with special attentions to Laclau and Mouffe points of views is tried to investigate two prison discourse in the poetry of Masood Saad and also “Habsiehs” of another two contemporary poets known as FarrokhiYazdi and Bahar to reveal their discourse circumstances. In the traditional discourse of “Habsieh”, fanaticism is the core of this discourse. The elements that are articulated in this discourse, represent the poet's worldly life as a symbolic structure, social acts involved with the governing power. But in the modern “Habsieh” poets, prison discourse is a political protest; therefore, the core of political protest is articulated by elements such as law, liberty, struggling and constitutionalism.