عنوان مقاله [English]
With the Constitutional Revolution in Iran, materialism thoughts emerged in the literary works of some intellectuals of the time, such as Mirza Melkum Khan. Following the Russian revolution, these thoughts were accompanied by the idealistic thoughts of Persian authors about liberty and justice. With the spread of the Toudeh Party in Iran, materialistic thoughts began to be considered as progressive and gained considerable popularity among Persian poets. The foremost feature of this mode of thinking is the specific images of God, religion, human, nature, society, historical dialectics, disappointment and nihilism. Ahmad Shamlou has decorated his poems with materialistic thoughts about these items. The major focus of Ahmad Shamlou’s poems is on materialism. In his school of thought, the evolution cycle, human dialectics rather than material and spiritual dialectics, nature and reincarnation dialectics are formed to replace the theistic thought.