عنوان مقاله [English]
Said NaqhshbandiYazdi, pseudonymed as Saida, was an 11th century (A.H) sonneteer whose poems, like those of his contempories, were in Indian or Isfahan style. He considered himself as a devoted follower of Jami, Nezami, Sanai, and Attar. He also adored Hafiz of Shiraz and was in close terms with Saeb Tabrizi. Saida’s anthology consists of 4815 lines versified in five genres: sonnet, ode, mathnavi, stanza, and quatrain. However, the major bulk of his poems (590 poems) comprises sonnets. Stylistically, saida is categorized primarily as a poet of Ramal foot, while Mozare’, Mojtass and Hazaj feet come next to that. His sonnets often employ the most frequent Persian rhythms such as elliptical octave Ramal and elliptical Makfuf octave present, but there also exist a few sonnets with a hectic, fast-tempo rhythm that rises ecstatic spirits like Moulana’s unscrupulous verses do. Expressing complex, far-fetched, and lampoon-free concepts, Saida’s sonnets project love and mysticism in a pleasant manner.His sonnet rhyths, except for Rajaz and Moqtazab, are tried in some of his odes too. While his mathnavis are in a fast tempo, his stanzas are written in Mojtass, slow, and present rhythms. As for quatrains, he has mostly used AzalMaqhbuzAkhrabactave, Hazj. Apart from the rhythms ever mentioned, his anthology contains just a few poems written in Recurrentmeter but a lot in ‘streamlike’ and lenient rhythms. Owing to their soft nature, Afaeel prosodic structure, as well as their musicality, these dominant rhythms are well suited for such circumstances as mourning, grief, nostalgia, pain, regret, and complaint.
By means of accurate statistical tables, the present article aims at introducing and analyzing the frequent and non-frequent rhythms as used in Saida’s poems. Also, an attempt is made to shed light on the status of Saida in the Indian style of poetry.