عنوان مقاله [English]
Adib Peshawari is one of the most prominent traditionalist poets of the contemporary era who educated in Afghanistan and Iran under the great masters of the time. He left behind various literary works in poetry and prose the most famous of which are the Persian-Arabic Divan and the Gheysarnameh. Gheysarnameh is a collection of epic poems influenced by Ferdowsi's Shahnameh in praise of the German Gheysar. In the world of literature, this epic is considered more related to literary traditions than the works of other epic writers. It is one of the most famous epics of the Constitutional Revolution period. In this study, the book is examined in terms of six main elements of the epic tradition including motivation, hero, structure, language, mythology and narrative context. The results show that the Adib’s motive was not nationalistic, and he wrote those poems because of the hatred and a sense of revenge for the British colonialism. He has used mythologies and described some of the characteristics of his hero in the format of epic traditions. Regarding the language, Adib is loyal to the language traditions, but, when choosing vocabulary, he does not pay attention to the textual content of the story. Moreover, there is no narrative structure in Gheysar Nameh, nor has the author paid attention to it at all.
د) منابع لاتین
35. Adrados, Francisco Rodriguez, 2005, a History of the Greek Language from Its Origins to the Present, Leiden: Brill Press.
36. Barthes, Roland (1977), Image – Music –Text. (Selected and Trans), Stephen Heat, New York: Hill and Wang.
37. Hainsworth,J. B, 1986, “The Language and Diction of Homeric Greek”, Traditions of Heroic and Epic Poetry, Vol 2, London: the Modern Humanity Association Research.
38. Hall, Vernon, 1963, a Short History of Literary Criticism, London: Marlin Press.
39. Hanaway, William L., 1988, “Epic Poetry”, Persian literature, Edited by Ehsan Yarshater, Colombia University, Bibliotheca Persica, PP. 96-107.
40. Heinze, Richard, 1993, Virgil's epic technique, translated by Hazel and David Harvey and Fred Robertson, Berkeley and Los Angeles: The University of California Press.
41. MC Grath, Kevin, 2004, the Sanskrit Hero, Leiden: Brill. Brills Indological Library.
42. Meletinsky, M. Eleazar, 1998, The Poetics of Myth, London: Rutledge.
43. Newman, john Kevin, 1986, the classical epic tradition .madison: university of Wisconsin press.
44. Toohey, Peter, 1992, Reading Epic, An introduction to the ancient narratives, Lond