عنوان مقاله [English]
Figures of speech and imagery are indispensable parts of poetry. The essence of poetry will be lost if poetry is devoid of them. For the same reason, poem is called an "imaginative speech". As a good means available to poets for creating literary works, Ferdowsi has nicely made use of imagery in Shahnameh. Owing to the heroic nature of his masterpiece, Ferdowsi has employed words referring to war instruments artistically in different parts of his book Ferdowsi masterly uses imagery and the, names of old weapons Furthermore, the rise and the fall of the sun is .overshadowed by the way he talks about war and its weapons as he describes dawn and dusk heroically. His heroic and lyrical imagery load to the creation imaginative weapons in, the word "Nahang" (Whale) instead of "Shamshir" (Sword) "Azhdeha" (dragon) instead of "Neizeh" (Spear), which not only cause to stop repeating the same words, but also increase the beauty of his speech. In this article, attempt has been made to study these imaginative words which have been introduced as "War Lexicon".